Every province in Canada as well as her three territories serves their own individual needs for immigration issues. This is done through Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs). As many provinces also manage their own specific categories in the Canada Express Entry System, the provinces and territories have a considerable role in selecting economic immigrants.
Applying to Canada through a Provincial Nominee Program is a two-step process and applicants nominated by a PNP will then be able to apply for permanent residency in Canada.
In certain cases, a Provincial Nominee Program may admit candidates to Canada after they previously failed to qualify for another federal program. Another option for those is to seek a temporary work permit, which would enable them and their family members to enter Canada.
Many thousands of foreign immigrants will come to Canada through Provincial Nominee Programs, which often leads to long delays with application processing. The growing popularity of Canada is sure to mean that immigration programs will likely face this as an ongoing issue.
In order to counter this problem, many provinces only open popular programs for short windows in the year, thus avoiding huge backlogs. Another measure to tackle the delays has been the introduction of the Canada Express Entry system.
First, the candidate is nominated by a prospective Canadian employer. After the province approves the candidate, they will enter the process to gain permanent residency. In the early stages of their application, foreign nationals can get renewable, temporary work permits, allowing them to enter Canada during the processing phase.
Sponsorship is compulsory for most skilled worker-based programs, except for Manitoba, Quebec and Saskatchewan. Without it, the application will likely be unsuccessful, either falling down the pecking order against sponsored applications or simply not receiving approval at all.
Before a foreign worker can be approved, the company offering sponsorship needs to show they have made adequate efforts to fill the position with Canadian personnel. They also must demonstrate that work conditions and remuneration are competitive and relevant to the job.
Most provinces have pilot projects catering to critical skill shortages in specific areas. The pilot programs typically have a limited scope and target low-skilled employees.
In order to qualify for sponsorship, the position needs either satisfy the terms of such projects or else conform to National Occupation Classification skill levels A, B or O.
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